Pronouns are words that can take the place of nouns. For example, in English the following are pronouns: he, she, it, they, we. Here is an example how a pronoun takes the place of a noun:[content_box_paper_white width=”100%”]Jane called Martin. She called Martin. She called him.[/content_box_paper_white]
The Bulgarian Personal Pronouns can be Nominative (subject pronouns), Accusative (direct object pronouns) and Dative (indirect object pronouns). In the following table you can see the Nominative case.
Bulgarian Pronouns[table id=9 /]
Let’s see and hear some examples.[bitsontherun wpzE6hOE]
You already know how to introduce yourself in Bulgarian: Аз съм [wlm_firstname]. In this phrase you use the personal pronoun aз with the verb съм. The equivalent in English is I am [wlm_firstname]. As the verb “съм” is quite fundamental, let’s see the same table with “съм” in it:[table id=10 /] [bitsontherun rU3C7rf8]
Here are some more examples from the previous lesson:
Аз съм добре (I am fine)
Аз съм от Лондон (I am from London)
Аз съм студент (I am a student)
In English, there is no clear polite form in speech. In Bulgarian, if you address someone formally, you have to speak to him in plural second person. This means that you cannot say “Ти си” when you want to be formal. Instead you should address the other person as “Вие сте”. For example:[content_box_paper_white width=”100%”]Ти си от Австралия? (You are from Australia?) – informal
When using the formal form you should address people with Господин/Госпожа (Sir/Madam).
Note that, the Bulgarian verbs inflect by person. This mean that when you address someone formally, the verbs ending changes. We will learn more about the verbs’ inflection in the next module. For now, you only have to remember that when you want to be formal, you have to speak in plural second person, even when addressing a single person.[private_premium][membership_downloads_box title=”Downloads”]You may need to right-click the following links and select Save Link As to download the file to your computer [membership_download_item_pdf link=”https://www.learn-bulgarian.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/L4-FirstPhrases.pdf” + target=”_self”]Printable Tables[/membership_download_item_pdf]
Personal Pronouns[membership_download_item_video link=”http://content.bitsontherun.com/videos/wpzE6hOE-Tv3neDYY.mp4″ + target=”_self”]Download Video[/membership_download_item_video] [membership_download_item_audio link=”http://content.bitsontherun.com/videos/wpzE6hOE-CuGMwg0y.mp3″ + target=”_self”]Download Audio[/membership_download_item_audio]
The Verb “съм”[membership_download_item_video link=”http://content.bitsontherun.com/videos/rU3C7rf8-Tv3neDYY.mp4″ + target=”_self”]Download Video[/membership_download_item_video] [membership_download_item_audio link=”http://content.bitsontherun.com/videos/rU3C7rf8-CuGMwg0y.mp3″ + target=”_self”]Download Audio[/membership_download_item_audio] [/membership_downloads_box][/private_premium] [text_bar_3 background=”#F0F0F0″ + width=”100%”] Continue with “Describing Things”[/text_bar_3]