Bulgarian Verbs

Bulgarian Verbs

Bulgarian verbs change according to person, gender and number. They don’t have infinitive form, as English verbs do (examples: “to be”, “to eat”, etc.). First person singular is considered an infinitive form for Bulgarian verbs.

[content_box_paper_white width=”75%”]Note:
The Bulgarian verbs are the most complicated part in the Bulgarian grammar. As the goal of our course is to give you a quick start into the Bulgarian language, we will not go too deeply into the knowledge about Bulgarian verbs. If you are interested, however, you can check this very informative article.[/content_box_paper_white]

There are 3 ways in which you can conjugate Bulgarian verbs, depending on the vowel used in present tense. Here are some rules by which you can recognize what type each verb is:

  1. First Conjugation – Usually verbs which end in [vowel] + я, for example: живея (live). It might also contain verbs ending with -a, for example: мога (can). Those verbs use the vowel e to conjugate.
  2. Second Conjugation – Usually verbs which end in [consonant] + я, -жа, -ча, -ша, for example: говоря (speak). Those verbs use the vowel и to conjugate.
  3. Third Conjugation – Usually verbs which end in , for example: искам (want). Those verbs use the vowels а or я to conjugate.
[content_box_light_blue width=”75%”]Tip:
Most Bulgarian verbs are in third conjugation. If you are not sure how to conjugate an unknown verb it is pretty safe to go with the third way.

Now, let’s see how the three conjugations work.

[bitsontherun 2F30Iyet]

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There are a lot of grammar rules related to the verbs. For example, you might have noticed that the г in the verb мога changes to ж in 2nd and 3rd person singular, and 1st and 2nd person plural. This is a general rule for verbs which stem ends with г. The Bulgarian verbs also change according to the tense. There are present, past imperfect, past aorist and imperative tenses each of which has its own set of rules. There are also a good deal of exceptions to all rules. The easiest way to learn the Bulgarian verbs is by practising. When learning a new verb, always check how it is conjugated, at least in its present tense. In this course’s vocabulary section you can find a conjugation table of each of the studied verbs.

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